Acne can occur when the hair follicles leading to the oil glands get clogged. Found mainly on the face, shoulders, chest, and back, acne affects approximately 80 percent of adolescents and young adults ages 11 to 30, but can also affect older adults and children. Acne in children age 8 or younger is sometimes a sign of an underlying condition and should be evaluated.
For some people, acne outbreaks can be intense, frequent and painful. Some acne can even leave permanent scars. Oral and topical medications can effectively manage even the most severe acne.
Alopecia is hair loss that can be caused by heredity, aging, disease, medications or lifestyle. The timing and course of hair loss can provide clues to its cause. For example, hair loss that comes on suddenly may be attributed to illness, diet, or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation. Gradual hair loss that becomes more prominent over the years is likely to be hereditary and a normal occurrence of aging. Sudden, drastic hair loss that occurs over a short period of time should be evaluated by your health care provider, as it can signal underlying disease.
Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a very common skin condition. It often starts with an itch, then scratching results in a rash of dry, red patches that in some people may bubble and ooze.
Contact dermatitis is irritation from something that touches your skin, causing it to become red, sore, itchy, or swollen. There are two main types:
- Irritant dermatitis is the most common type. It occurs when your skin touches a substance that directly harms it (such as when soap dries out your skin). It often looks like a burn.
- Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when you come into contact with a substance to which you are allergic or hypersensitive (such poison ivy or latex). It often looks like a patchy red rash.
Fungal infection is responsible for such problems as athlete’s foot and yeast infection. Some fungi produce tiny spores that float through the air. If these spores are inhaled or land on the skin, they can cause infection, especially in people with weakened immune systems.
Hives are itchy welts on skin that often arise from an allergic response to food or another substance.
Keloids are growths of excess scar tissue at the sites of former skin injuries. Keloids may form where cuts, burns, acne or chicken pox have healed. They generally do not require treatment, but can be removed if they become bothersome.
Melanoma of the skin (cutaneous melanoma) is the most serious form of skin cancer. It develops from melanocytes in the skin. Melanocytes produce melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color.
Moles, also called nevomelanocytic nevi, are common skin growths. They are usually brown or pink in light-skinned people and dark brown or black in dark-skinned people. While most moles are harmless, they should be closely monitored, as new growths or changes to existing moles can be signs of melanoma.
Psoriasis is a disease where skin cells build up faster than normal, causing patches that can be red and itchy.
A rash describes many different conditions that involve inflammation of the skin. Usually, a rash is not life-threatening, but it can be very uncomfortable especially if it is a chronic condition.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes redness and bumps, usually on the face.
Sebaceous cysts are small sacs under the skin that are filled with sebum, the oily substance that moistens your hair and skin. Sebaceous cysts most commonly appear on the head, neck, or torso. Sebaceous cysts are uncommon, but people frequently mistake other types of cysts for them.
Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells.
Varicose veins are bulging, twisted veins that can be seen directly under the skin. They occur when the one-way valves in the legs that keep blood flowing to the heart do not work normally.
Warts are growths caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection that are most commonly found on the fingers, feet, genitals, rectal area, and face. Some warts go away on their own; others do not. Genital warts are highly contagious and are transmitted through sexual activity.
The above conditions are some of the most common conditions treated. We offer skilled care for numerous other related medical conditions. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call